THE WRITING PROCESS
Organization: The Concept and Technique of Paragraph Development
I. The Concept of Paragraph Development Development clarifies, illustrates, or proves the main idea stated in the topic sentence through use of detail, example, and explanation. Good development depends on the writer's ability to distinguish between general statements and specific details. General statements make assertions which can be supported or illustrated by specific details. Three paragraph patterns for arranging general and specific statements: 1. Simple deductive arrangement--topic sentence plus specific details (going from general to specific) 2. Simple inductive arrangement--specific details plus topic sentence (going from specific to general) 3. Complex deductive arrangement--topic sentence plus major and minor support II. Techniques of Paragraph Development Descriptive details: specific actions, appearances, tastes, smells Factual details: specific measurements, statistics, historical records, objective accounts Illustration: 1. Multiple example--typical cases, specific instances 2. Extended example--one long example instead of several brief ones 3. Anecdote--an example in the form of a story; a brief narrative to illustrate a point 4. Hypothetical illustration--examples or anecdotes invented for the occasion 5. Analogy--point-by-point comparison explaining the unfamiliar in terms of the familiar Definition: explaining words, terms, and related concepts through: example; etymology; synonym; class; and differentiation Appeals to authority: quotation and paraphrase of details, facts, illustration, definitions from recognized, credible sources Any effective combination of these techniques of development
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